In Nell Duke’s Inside Information, she provides a great explanation, research and how to engage in project based instruction. Duke explains that in a project based approach, students work over an extended time period for a purpose beyond satisfying a school requirement-to build something, to create something, to respond to a question they have, to solve a real problem, or to address a real need. Along the way, teachers build knowledge and skills serve to meet the project’s goals (p. 11).
Duke discusses persuasive writing as “researching the audience is an essential strategy in the initial stage of developing persuasive text; what might be compelling reasons and evidence for one audience may not be as much so for another. One way to teach this:
Another structure is CCSS which includes (Introduction, opinion, reasons, support for reasons, linking words, concluding statement or section).
Last, a mnemonic, such as IVY ONLY READS SUPER LONG COMICS to help students recall the structure.
Nell Duke elaborates on the explains that in a project based approach, students work over an extended time period for a purpose beyond satisfying a school requirement-to build something, to create something, to respond to a question they have, to solve a real problem, or to address a real need…Along the way, teachers build knowledge and skills serve to meet the project’s goals (while in the teacher’s mind, they may also serve to address specific state standards, meet district curriculum requirements, and so on).”
In another conversation in Education Week about project based instruction, new skills that are critical as students mesh with 21st-century expectations were discussed including: creativity and innovation, critical thinking and problem solving, communication and collaboration, flexibility and adaptability, initiative and self-direction, social and cross-cultural skills, productivity and accountability, and leadership and responsibility” (Glasscock, 2015).
In our school, learning lab is project based instruction in action. Data is used to determine those who are most vulnerable and those who have certain skills intact. Projects are created for all. Learning is fun and engaging!
Duke, N. K. (2010). Inside Information: Developing powerful readers and writers of informational text through project-based instruction, K-5. New York: The Guilford Press.
Glasscock, S. (2015). Project based instruction: A powerful way to teach students to read and write informational texts. Education Week, 1-4.